Hyperpigmentation

What is hyperpigmentation?

A brown spot is an accumulation of melanin in an area of skin. Melanin is a dark brown pigment whose main purpose is to protect the skin from ultraviolet rays. It's what gives our body and face that lovely bronzed look, especially in summer. Sometimes these dark pigments collect on the surface, creating a persistent dark spot. This is usually referred to as a brown spot.

Who is affected and why?

Brown spots are often associated with ageing.

This is actually only partly true. As the skin ages, it is less able to cope with the effects of ultraviolet light. So an older person is naturally more susceptible to brown spots. 
Even younger people can be affected by them.

Different types of brown spots:

1

Melasma, chloasma or pregnancy mask

more commonly known as pregnancy mask, this type of pigmentation is directly linked with changes in hormone levels. Melasma usually appears on your nose, forehead and cheeks in the form of dark patches. They normally disappear when your hormone levels return to normal. They can be made worse by the sun and some photosensitising medication.
2

Sun spots

are round, light brown spots on the skin. You can have them from birth or they can appear when you're older as a result of repeated sun exposure.
In this case, we call them age spots or sun spots. They appear on areas frequently exposed to the sun like the neck, décolletage, face and hands.
3

Ephelides or freckles

These are hereditary and can be accentuated by the sun.

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Main causes :

Hyperpigmentation can technically affect any part of the body. As the face and hands are more frequently exposed to ultraviolet rays, they contain more melanin for protection. So these areas are more prone to brown spots.

1

The sun is the main trigger for this type of problem. Melanin acts as natural protection against aggressive ultraviolet rays. Melanocytes create a barrier against the sun by synthesising the melanin, which is distributed across the skin. Excessive sun exposure and not using sunscreen can lead to this distribution being disrupted. That's when brown spots start to appear.
2

Post-inflammatory lesions like acne, cuts or burns can leave marks on the affected areas, especially if there are issues with healing. In this case, we call them age spots or sun spots. They appear on areas frequently exposed to the sun like the neck, décolletage, face and hands.
3

Skin ageing: with age, the skin's defence mechanism becomes less effective against the sun's rays. The melanin becomes concentrated in certain areas. Contrary to what we tend to think, it's not just a person's age that causes skin ageing. Excessive sun exposure without adequate protection is a clear cause of premature ageing of the epidermis.
4

Hormones: a change in hormone levels in pregnant women makes them more vulnerable to sun exposure.
How to treat hyperpigmentation

We have various solutions to treat this problem:

1

Superficial peels

A course of five superficial peels helps to treat epidermal spots, with one session every two weeks.
2

Medium-depth peels

A course of five medium-depth peels helps to treat deeper spots, with one session every two weeks.
3

Microneedling and Cosmeretin serum

Microneedling and Cosmeretin serum (an ultra-powerful serum that helps combat an increase in melanin in the epidermis)
4

Doctor Babor Brightening Intense treatment

An intense treatment for challenging skin with pigmentation problems. We recommend a course of 5 to 10 treatments, one a week.

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