What is cellulite?
Cellulite is a complex phenomenon resulting from a combination of different factors, the main one being hormone variations in women.
This problem mainly affects women, whether or not they are overweight, and can be found on specific areas of the body: the back of the thighs, the buttocks, the stomach and the upper arms.
Within the hypodermis, adipose cells known as adipocytes are packed into small compartments. If the number and volume of these adipocytes increase, these small compartments swell. They then take on a dome shape that affects the dermis and epidermis. The surface of the skin becomes bumpy, which is where the frequently used expressions "orange peel" and "the mattress phenomenon" come from (the skin takes on a dimpled appearance).
Cellulite is aggravated by poor blood and lymphatic circulation.
Considered a normal physiological phenomenon, cellulite has no health consequences but can cause discomfort, localised pain and embarrassment.
There are three different types of cellulite, which are sometimes combined:
Fatty cellulite is different from infectious cellulite, which is caused by bacteria penetrating the skin.
The main factors involved in cellulite:
Cellulite is not automatically linked to body weight. It can be present in both slim women and women who are overweight. However, being overweight makes the cellulite more noticeable.